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2019年6月英语六级阅读真题及答案 第3套 选词填空

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Steel is valued for its reliability, but not when it gets cold. Most forms of steel __26__ become brittle (脆的)at temperatures below about -25℃ unless they are mixed with other metals. Now, though, a novel type of steel has been developed that resists __27__ at much lower temperatures, while retaining its strength and toughness—without the need for expensive __28__.

Steel's fragility at low temperatures first became a major concern during the Second World War. After German U-boats torpedoed (用鱼雷攻击)numerous British ships, a 2,700-strong fleet of cheap- and-cheerful "Liberty ships" was introduced to replace the lost vessels, providing a lifeline for the __29__ British. But the steel shells of hundreds of the ships __30__ in the icy north Atlantic, and 12 broke in half and sank.

Brittleness remains a problem when building steel structures in cold conditions, such as oil rigs in the Arctic. So scientists have __31__ to find a solution by mixing it with expensive metals such as nickel.

Yuuji Kimura and colleagues in Japan tried a more physical __32__. Rather than adding other metals, they developed a complex mechanical process involving repeated heating and very severe mechanical deformation, known as tempforming.

The resulting steel appears to achieve a combination of strength and toughness that is __33__ to that of modem steels that are very rich in alloy content and, therefore, very expensive.

Kimura's team intends to use its tempformed steel to make ultra-high strength parts, such as bolts. They hope to reduce both the number of __34__ needed in a construction job and their weight—by replacing solid supports with __35__ tubes, for example. This could reduce the amount of steel needed to make everything from automobiles to buildings and bridges.

A)abruptly
B)additives
C)approach
D)ardently
E)besieged
F)channel
G)comparable
H)components
I)cracked
J)fractures
K)hollow
L)relevant
M)reshuffled
N)strived
O)violent

重点单词   查看全部解释    
numerous ['nju:mərəs]

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adj. 为数众多的,许多

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construction [kən'strʌkʃən]

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n. 建设,建造,结构,构造,建筑物

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alloy [ə'lɔi,'ælɔi]

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n. 合金
vt. 使 ... 成合金,搀以劣

 
brittleness ['britlnis]

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n. 脆弱性;脆性,脆度

 
replace [ri(:)'pleis]

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vt. 取代,更换,将物品放回原处

 
combination [.kɔmbi'neiʃən]

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n. 结合,联合,联合体

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reliability [ri.laiə'biliti]

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n. 可靠性

 
solution [sə'lu:ʃən]

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n. 解答,解决办法,溶解,溶液

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fragility [frə'dʒiliti]

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n. 脆弱,虚弱,易碎

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violent ['vaiələnt]

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adj. 暴力的,猛烈的,极端的

 
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